In the late twentieth century, the influence of modern primitivism led to many of those practices being included into western subcultures. Many of those practices depend on a mixture of physique modification and decorative objects, thus keeping the excellence between these two types of ornament blurred. In North America, Native Americans used shells, wood, turquoise, and soapstone, virtually unavailable in South and Central America. The turquoise was used in necklaces and to be placed in earrings. Native Americans with access to oyster shells, typically positioned in only one location in America, traded the shells with different tribes, showing the nice importance of the body adornment trade in Northern America. India was the first country to mine diamonds, with some mines dating back to 296 BC.
- Most, if not all, strategies of Etruscan goldsmiths were not invented by them as they are dated to the third millennium BC.
- Victorious military heroes